Silat is one of the ancient forms of martial arts in this world. It is famous worldwide, but is traditionally followed and practiced in Malaysia, Singapore and Southern Thailand. This martial art style was also customarily adopted and put into practice in Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Philippines and in Brunei. Many years back, on the Malay Islands natives were trained and made proficient in this martial art. This martial art was very much a part of their culture and thus natives were given Silat training system.
The training system lay down on 7 secret disciplines. These disciplines are Bunga (the martial arts attacking and defensive positions), Jurus (the striking and defensive movements), Belebat (the silat activities in defensive positions), Tapak (the leg movements or patterns with one leg or both legs on the floor), Buah Pukul (the self defense movement ?that based on Bunga Silat movements), Tempur Seni (the art of combat in silat with artistic and scientific approach between 2 silat exponents) and Tempur Beladiri (the fast movement action of silat sparring that emphasize on silat skills for self defense purposed). ?Due to give the exponents to achieve the higher level in silat the Pelampas activities. Pelampas are the self defense exercises or drills with both hands and legs that the exponents need to practice every time outside of training session. These activities were introduced hundreds of years ago by the silat gurus to perfecting the silat exponent’s skills.
Today, people from all over the world are fascinated and engrossed in this magnificent and unique of silat martial art form. Millions of people worldwide are interested in learning this martial art and mastering it through a proper training system. Various training schools and institutes have been set up in different parts of the world by Silat gurus and experts, for imparting the skill to others and encroaching Silat as an art form all over the world. The kind of agility and suppleness, self defense moves and actions acquaint its practitioners with, has magnetized people from different part of the world, especially from European countries.
Silat martial arts has different styles and forms, which can be mastered by intensive training. The most common and widely practiced styles include joint manipulation, bladed weapons and various other amalgamations. It is not just about fighting techniques and tactics; it has a very beautiful and enticing spiritual aspect ingrained in it as well.
Since, Silat is not just a part of one country’ culture, it is a part of different cultures and customs. ?Though, this martial art has surpassed religion, it has many interesting facets. In Malaysia, most of the Silat gurus are Muslims therefore, for them Silat expresses their Islamic canons. In Philippines, Silat also known as Kali incorporates catholic code of belief, while in Bali or also known as Pencak Silat it proffers Hindu creeds.